The Causes of Tooth Decay and How to Reverse It

Vous vous brossez les dents religieusement, mangez une alimentation raisonnablement saine, vous floss au moins une partie du temps, et vous utilisez régulièrement un rince-bouche. Vous utilisez un dentifrice à base de fluorure. Vous êtes raisonnablement bon à maintenir un horaire régulier de rendez-vous dentaires. En fait, vous suivez tous les conseils principaux sur les soins dentaires. Cependant, quand vous arrivez aux dentistes, il ya toujours une certaine carie dentaire, toujours un remplissage ou une cavité qui a besoin d'attention. Quand vous obtenez un remplissage, il a souvent besoin d'un plus gros remplissage, puis un remplissage vraiment grand, suivi d'une couronne et d'un canal radiculaire. Si le canal de la racine échoue, alors la seule chose à gauche est un implant, un grand écart dans vos gencives, ou une sorte de dispositif de pont.

Vous à son tour obtenir plus et frustré. Vous achetez des brosses à dents soniques plus grandes et plus puissantes, de plus grandes baignoires de rince-bouche et commencez à vous brosser les dents après le déjeuner au travail. Pas de joie. Rien ne semble fonctionner. Vous parlez à votre dentiste, qui se contente d'hausser les épaules et dit qu'il arrive.

Que se passe-t-il? Très simplement, la carie dentaire et la maladie des gencives est une infection, «une invasion par des microorganismes pathogènes d'une partie corporelle dans laquelle les conditions sont favorables à la croissance, la production de toxines, et les dommages causés aux tissus. (Webster II New Riverside University Dictionary).

Quels sont ces micro-organismes? Des pathogènes d'origine bactérienne, protozoaire, virale ou fongique ont été impliqués comme facteurs causaux dans la maladie parodontale. Une souche en particulier a été identifiée, appelée Streptococcus mutans. Streptococcus mutans et Streptococcus Sobrinus sont les bactéries qui causent la majorité des caries dentaires et des maladies des gencives. Streptococcus mutans est un organisme hétérotrophe qui signifie tout simplement qu'il doit vivre d'un autre organisme en mangeant un autre organisme ou en les utilisant comme hôte. La cavité buccale humaine est l'hôte de S. mutans.

Les bactéries se nourrissent en métabolisant le saccharose en acide lactique, provoquant un changement de p.h. Pour devenir acide, et colle à la dent sous forme de plaque. La combinaison de la plaque dans un environnement acide collé sur la dent et au-dessous dans les gencives provoque l'émail dentaire fortement minéralisé à se décomposer jusqu'à ce qu'un petit trou est créé. Une fois que l'émail a été pénétré, le Streptococcus mutans vraiment se mettre au travail. Il subsiste sur un groupe diversifié de glucides, et une fois dans les confins chaleureux chaleureux de votre dent confortable nce, commence à faire la fête comme une star du rock pour causer la carie. Une fois la plaque s'accumule sous la gencive, la maladie des gencives peut le faire causant les gencives de perdre leur lueur rose sain, et causant des poches ou des espaces entre la gencive et les dents.

Une fois que l'émail est pénétré la dent est large Ouvert à l'infection. Les bactéries peuvent se multiplier, se répandre autour de la bouche et rechercher constamment de nouvelles zones faibles. Alors maintenant, nous pouvons commencer à voir ce qui se passe dans plus de détails.

Votre dentistes taches l'apparition d'une cavité. La carie est enlevée et soigneusement forée. Un classement parfait est placé pour vous, si bien que vous ne pouvez même pas voir le remplissage, sauf si vous regardez de très près. Tout est bon. Bien sûr, même le travail dentaire le plus parfait imaginable n'empêchera pas les bactéries minuscules de ramper dans et d'avoir le déjeuner.

Les bactéries Streptococcus mutans sont minuscules – en fait, ils sont juste un 1 micron (un millième de a

Alors maintenant, nous avons besoin d'une bonne dose de poils, de poils et de poils. Maintenant, comment le processus de carie dentaire fonctionne, regardons ce que pouvons-nous faire pour le prévenir.

Aider à réduire la plaque.Le plus fort du moteur ou plus diligent le brusher la plaque plus sera enlevé.Nous nous espérons se débarrasser de tous les dépôts d'aliments collés entre les dents et généralement rendre l'environnement propre et plus hostile aux bactéries.Mais le brossage a gagné

Donc, si vous brossé 5 fois par jour pendant 5 minutes, vous êtes susceptible de causer des problèmes de gomme par friction pure seule, mais vous n'affectera pas votre S. Mutans compte un jot. Juste pour être clair ici, le brossage aidera à perturber la plaque et l'empêcher de coller. Une brosse à dents électronique comme la gamme SonicCare peut aider à déloger la plaque de la gencive et fera certainement un bon travail à briser la plaque. Mais les bactéries vivent encore pour se battre un autre jour.

Dentifrice

Bien sûr, nous ne faisons pas seulement la brosse, nous nous brosser avec du dentifrice. Le dentifrice est lié pour inclure des agents microbiens puissants qui vont bientôt se saisir et détruire les s nocifs. Mutans. Eh bien, non, en fait. La plupart des dentifrices n'ont pas d'agents microbiens puissants qui tuent les s. Mutans. Ils contiennent toutefois du fluorure. Le fluor est l'ingrédient actif dans presque tous les dentifrices, donc le fluorure doit tuer s. Mutans. Eh bien, encore une fois. Pas assez. Le fluorure a été découvert par les dentistes qui ont commencé à rechercher activement les effets du fluorure sur la carie dentaire avant la découverte de la bactérie S. Mutans. Le fluorure a d'abord été ajouté au dentifrice en 1914 et a été approuvé pour être utilisé en Amérique par l'American Dental Association dans les années 1950. Les scientifiques n'ont pas commencé à examiner les effets de S. Mutans sur la maladie dentaire jusqu'à la 1960, bien que S.Mutans a été découvert en 1924.

Certaines études montrent que le fluorure néanmoins contribue à abaisser le S. Mutans Compter, ce qui est bon. Cependant, d'autres études montrent qu'il existe des souches de S.Mutans qui sont complètement indemnes par le fluorure.

La soie dentaire fait un bon travail d'élimination de la plaque, et donc il sera sans doute aider. Si le fluorure est si efficace, pourquoi êtes-vous encore obtenir ces cavités? Lorsque vous grattez la plaque, vous perturberez les bactéries. C'est une autre grande chose à faire, mais encore une fois, il n'affectera pas le nombre de bactéries.

Bouche

Ainsi, le rince-bouche doit tuer les germes et d'empêcher le S. Mutans de sortir de contrôle non? Eh bien vous le pensez, mais réfléchissez à nouveau.

Donc, maintenant, nous pouvons voir comment vous pouvez suivre religieusement tous les conseils dentaires plus tard, la soie dentaire, manger équilibré

Rappelez-vous ce qui se passe quand la bactérie Se nourrit du saccharose pour créer de l'acide lactique. S. Mutans a besoin de sucre et aime les glucides. S. Mutans a besoin d'un environnement acide pour prospérer. Donc nous avons besoin de beaucoup de bactéries, beaucoup de sucre et les bonnes conditions acides. Pour une santé dentaire optimale, nous pouvons prendre trois étapes de base.

Tout d'abord, réduire la quantité de sucre dans notre alimentation, et de réduire les aliments transformés. Cela permettra d'empêcher les s.Mutans de se nourrir du saccharose et de créer la plaque.

On peut aussi changer le p.h de la bouche. Particulièrement juste après les repas. Il est très difficile de faire de la bouche avec du bicarbonate de soude après chaque repas.

On peut aussi identifier des agents qui tuent S. Mutans. Bien que vous ne puissiez jamais complètement supprimer toutes les bactéries, en réduisant considérablement le nombre de bactéries et la création d'un environnement hostile, vous serez en mesure d'arrêter la propagation des bactéries.

Il ya effectivement beaucoup de choses que vous pouvez faire Pour gérer efficacement S.Mutans. Il s'avère qu'il ya effectivement beaucoup d'options là-bas pour vous. Rappelez-vous que nous éliminons une infection qui peut se ré-coloniser à tout moment. L'arrêt du régime dentaire entraînera la ré-croissance des bactéries. La ré-colonisation est extrêmement rapide. C'est pourquoi les dentistes disent souvent qu'ils voient la meilleure amélioration chez les patients qui ont l'autodiscipline et l'engagement à entreprendre un programme d'auto-assistance quotidienne de soins de santé.

L'une des solutions les plus simples et certainement moins cher est d'utiliser du sodium Le bicarbonate et le peroxyde d'hydrogène. Le peroxyde d'hydrogène, le bicarbonate de sodium et la combinaison de bicarbonate de sodium et de peroxyde d'hydrogène ont empêché la croissance bactérienne de S. mutans. Le bicarbonate de sodium, le peroxyde d'hydrogène et le peroxyde d'hydrogène. Les résultats montrent que les produits contenant ces agents ont la capacité d'arrêter la croissance de S. mutans. Les produits contenant du bicarbonate de sodium et / ou du peroxyde d'hydrogène peuvent être utiles aux patients exposés aux caries. D'autres études sont nécessaires pour confirmer ces résultats sur les patients.

Auteurs: Silhacek, Kelly J1;

Source: Journal of Dental Hygiene, Number 4, Fall 1er octobre 2005, pp. 7-7 (1)

Éditeur: American Dental Hygienists 'Association

Le moyen le plus efficace pour utiliser le mélange est dans un irrigateur dentaire. Il suffit de mélanger le peroxyde d'hydrogène et le carbonate de calcium et déposer le mélange dans le bol de la machine d'irrigation. Vous serez alors jeter un puissant agent antimicrobien et changer le ph de la bouche aidant à tuer les bactéries. Vous pouvez également tremper une brosse à dents dans le mélange et l'appliquer directement. Cela est particulièrement utile la nuit. Faire le mélange, se brosser les dents et laisser autant de le mélange sur que vous pouvez tolérer et aller dormir. Cela permettra aux agents microbiens de travailler toute la nuit et de changer le p.h assez longtemps pour tuer beaucoup de mauvaises bactéries. Certaines personnes mélangent également le sel marin dont les puissantes propriétés antiseptiques et bactéricides aident à éliminer la plaque. Assurez-vous de bien rincer l'irrigateur après utilisation.

Régime alimentaire:

Les bactéries ont besoin de sucre et d'hydrates de carbone pour se nourrir. Éliminer les aliments transformés et s'assurer que vous avez beaucoup de vitamine C aidera grandement à améliorer la santé générale des gommes.

Anti-rides microbiens à base de plantes:

Vous pouvez également utiliser un agent à base de plantes dans l'irrigation dentaire . Il existe de nombreux rince-bouche à base d'herbes sans alcool qui contiennent des herbes comme l'échinacée, le thé vert et la feuille d'olive, des huiles essentielles telles que la menthe poivrée, le clou de girofle, l'origan et le thym, bien connus pour leurs propriétés antibactériennes

Dentifrice:

Vous pouvez acheter du bicarbonate de soude et des pâtes à base de plantes qui aideront à réduire les bactéries. Beaucoup de gens utilisent également du savon à dents ou même du savon à brosse régulière pour se brosser les dents.

Réglisse:

Un peu de façon inattendue, la réglisse a été montré pour être extrêmement bon à réduire s. Mutants. Seulement 15 milligrammes de poudre de réglisse élimine 99.9 pour cent de Streptococcus mutans, selon la recherche à UCLA.

Traitements dentaires professionnels:

Votre dentiste utilisera Chlorhexidine ou autre agent antimicrobien professionnel approprié pour réduire Le nombre de s. Mutant avant et pendant les traitements.



Source by Derridian Arod Jones

Breeding Betta Fish

The best breeding fish are between six months and a year. During the time of the male betta fish court he continually makes funny bubbles on top of the aquarium; This is just his way of making a nest. Male betta fish in the wild makes bubble nests so that when the female arrives through it makes her tribal dance with her blinking fins to impress her appropriately, when she is appropriately so impressed she will spawn after which she goes Fertilize the eggs.

It is highly recommended that you purchase a breeding tank if you wish to raise betta fish. A ten-gallon tank with bare ground will be sufficient, but if necessary, you can do it with a smaller tank. This is not a complicated task, but you should condition your betta fish before breeding begins.

Introductions are necessary and to do this you must place your bettas in adjacent containers or buy special tank separators so that they can see themselves without coming in contact.

The male will make all the linings of one while the female will turn her back on him in disgust – playing hard to get really, that is unless you s Is really beautiful devil. This generally lasts between 3 and 5 days, sometimes a little more.

Do not forget that betta fish like shallow water, so the water should only be about 5 inches deep. In order to help the male to make his nest bubble is to put a large leaf in the tank. The pH should be about 7.0 and the temperature slightly above 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

The breeding tank should be about 5 inches deep. Place a large sheet or piece of foam in it to help the buck in building the bubble nest. When you choose the pair of fish you want to reproduce, consider your favorite fish in shape and color that appeals to you. Also take into consideration that the male should be taller than the female and have a lot of energy and the most vibrant color the better. You will know when the male is ready;

The female can lay more than 500 eggs and you will notice when she is ready, her stomach will dilate and culminate in the ovipositor – that is the white egg spot that exceeds From the abdomen. When you see vertical stripes on her sides, you will know she is ready to lay the eggs. If they are horizontal stripes, it means that she feels stressful.

He should only take the male betta about 1 or 2 days to blow his bubble nest. Make sure there is a hiding place for the female so that she can get rare after she put her eggs. Place the plants in the tank and this will provide shelter for it. The reason she needs this hiding place is because the male can become very aggressive during the yard. Typically man really?

Both of them circle under the bubble nest during the yard, the male showing its intense color and blowing its fins out to make it more attractive.

The female will turn around and the male will literally wrap around her while she will lay her eggs. The female is apt to become lethargic and lethargic, floating on the surface, so do not worry. This laying eggs is an exhausting job. The female takes some time to complete the process and this will happen a few times before the job is done. The fertilized eggs will flow down. It is then that the male will take over and pick up the eggs in his mouth in order to carry them up to the bubble nest. This is the male who will then become a boy and will take care of his cubs.

The eggs are fertilized and will sink to the bottom of the reservoir. Then being the perfect father he will pick up the eggs in his mouth and place them tenderly in his nest of bubbles. This is all; Interlude above was their "brief encounter." If the female does not turn the tail and get out of there as fast as possible, the male, just as the black widow woman spider will turn on his male partner, the male betta will turn on the female. It is the male beta that takes care of the eggs until they hatch, after which it may or may not choose to devour some of its young, both to be the father perfect !!

As soon as the coupling is on top you must remove the female and return it to her own tank or tank partition. Be careful when doing this in order not to disturb the nest. It is then that he tends to his young that it will show greater aggressiveness to the female. If one of the eggs falls from the nest, the male will pick them up and return them to the nest. In a few days, the eggs hatch and the fry (young fish) hang from the nest with their tails pointing downwards. The fry will live on the yellow bag of their eggs for a couple of days.

It takes the fry 3 or 4 days to start swimming, it is when they start swimming, that is when they fall off the nest, as when they were eggs, male Pick them up and put them back. Swim freely that you should remove the male or he will eat them. Fingerlings will need feeding twice a day, you can get a supply of baby brine shrimp or a very fine baby food called Daphnia from your pet stores. Alternatively you can feed them a dry mix called Tetra. Tetra is designed for spawning fish, but is very good for fry.

At 2 weeks you can start to change the water, but be careful as they are still very small and fragile. Remember that they are still very small and fragile. Do not forget to be very careful because the fish or a very fine baby food called Daphnia from your pet store.

You can also feed them Tetra. Tetra is normally for spawning fish, but is very good for fingerlings. When the fry reach 2 weeks, you can start small changes in water, but be careful as the fry are still very small. Remember that you should never supercharge your fish as the water will soon foul and can be deadly to your fry.



Source by Dennis Rocke

Tips On How To Stop Breastfeeding

Sooner or later breastfeeding must come to an end. But what if your baby just refuses to stop breastfeeding? Many mothers face this problem, but a few simple tips can help relieve the weaning pain for the mother and child.

For many mothers and their children stop breastfeeding occurs naturally. The baby begins to be interested in food eaten by others around her and begins to eat solid food for herself. As the baby eats more solids, the less she wants her mother's mother's milk. However, some children simply refuse to voluntarily stop breastfeeding and many mothers can become upset, tired and out of breath on how to completely stop breastfeeding. If you are having problems with breastfeeding, then the following tips may be helpful.

Avoid eating cold turkey. This is usually very upsetting for the child, which in turn causes anger seizures. Instead, it is best to reduce the number of breast-feeding during the day, perhaps by replacing the diet with a bottle or a cup of milk expressed by the mother. This gradual reduction of time spent sucking within will facilitate the child's sense of loss or discomfort, especially if he is bottle fed with his mother's breast milk. Finally, breast milk could be replaced by the formula.

Many children cry when they wake up in the middle of the night. Usually, it is the mother who tries to soothe the baby to sleep. Unfortunately, this soothing process can mean breastfeeding of the child. It might be preferable that the father of the baby, or another person, with whom the child feels safe, cares for her. Many mothers will instinctively go to their child if the child cries, so it might also be a good idea to try to stay away from hearing. The child may take some time with this new diet, but perseverance is the key.

With an older child – who is able to speak and understand what is being said – you could begin by putting limits on where and when to breastfeed. Tell her: "We are only going to nurse at the nap and at bedtime" or "We only breastfeed when it's dark outside".

When you're ready to stop completely, you could just tell her, "You're a big girl now, and big girls are not going to breastfeed." It is important to remember that with the children of this age, the emotional stress caused by the cessation of breastfeeding can be great. Therefore, replace the lack of breastfeeding with more cuddling; Replace her emotional dependence on breastfeeding with other physical comforts.

It is also important to take care of your breasts during this time. Any distress or pain felt by the mother will be taken up by the child who will also feel upset, thus aggravating an already delicate situation. By gradually reducing breastfeeding, you should help ease the engorgement of your breasts. Your milk should gradually decrease. If this is not the case and your breasts feel uncomfortable then expressing your breast milk, this can be given to your baby in bottles or in a cup. Cabbage leaves are known to help reduce engorgement. Crush the cabbage leaves with a rolling pin if the leaves do not fit the shape of your chest. Wrap the cabbage leaves around the chest and let stand for about 20 minutes. Twice a day is enough. It is usual to use the treatment of cabbage leaf two or three times or less. You can use the cabbage leaves after each feed and leave them on until they fade.



Source by Robin Cassidy

Is My Koi Fish Pregnant?

Some fish can become pregnant and live-carriers. Koi do not fall into this category. A female Koi will lay eggs. The eggs should be pushed out of it by the male. There are signs to look for to determine if your Koi is full of eggs.

1. The Koi looks big or swollen.

2. The males chase the female around the pond. It can be quite aggressive as they can bash it against the side of the pond.

3. Koi swimming away from the surface, rarely coming up.

4. The female stays away from the other fish because she is looking for a place to lay eggs.

5. The female Koi can suck the plants or sides of the pond to clean the space for eggs.

6. The male wins white spots on their pectoral fins and cover their gills

7. One month before beginning to spawn they start eating at an optimal level.

Most often your male Koi will be 3-5 and the female 3-6 years old before they are mature enough to spawn. Your Koi will be interested in Spawning (mating) in the spring and most experts say it is usually after the first water change. The water will be 65-70 degrees during spawning. Once the males are beating against the female, the eggs will be released and the males will fertilize the eggs at that time. The eggs are very sticky and stick to most things. The Koi like to eat the eggs as they are released. It is a tasty treatment for them.

You have to watch closely to catch the spawning process. If you want to save eggs, you will need to place ropes (even a mop will work) in the pond for eggs to attach to. Very soon after they are tied you have to move then to another tank / pond. Koi usually breed early in the morning. If you think it is time to check your pond frequently as the fish can jump out of the water. If you find them early enough, you can return them to the pond and they will live. A sure sign that they have already released the eggs is bubbles or foam on the water with a bad odor. Also the levels of ammonia will skyrocket.

If you pay close attention to your Koi on a daily basis, you will recognize the signs. Getting to know your Koi is the key to determining if they are ready to spawn. It has been said that spawning occurs most often when there is a full moon. The same is true of babies. You decide if this is true. When did you put the eggs of Koi?



Source by Vickie J Talley

Bearded Dragon Diets – Three Important Things To Remember

Here are some of the tips you can consider to make sure that your beardie is eating the right foods that will make them healthy:

Insects and animals – reptiles love to eat insects and animals. Some of the great selections of insects for your bearded dragon animal are as follows:

  • Crickets – it is advisable to give hatchlings a few "pinhead" crickets because these are smaller and easier to chew for them. However, for the adult bearded dragon, full-sized cricket are the best to offer. The crickets feed contains 69% moisture, 1% ash, 21% protein, 3% carbohydrates and 6% fat. To ensure greater nutritional value, it would be great if you throw some fruits or vegetables for these crickets to eat before actually serving them to your pet. With this your beardie pet can receive more nutrients and vitamins than their body needs. Grills to feed your lizard can be high, but this is not really a big move. You can order wholesale 500 crickets online for about $ 21 which is a smarter choice since you do not have to go through the hard cricket breeding job. These 500 crickets can be stored in a ventilated plastic storage bin until they are all fed to your lizard.
  • Roaches – another excellent food for your bearded dragon are cockroaches especially dubia. This food product for your pet contains 61% moisture, 28% protein, 2% ash, 3% carbohydrates and 6% fat. It is more expensive to feed your reptile with cockroaches compared to crickets, as only reptile specialty stores offer these feeders cockroaches.
  • Mealworms and superworms – prolific mealworm is the second most popular food for lizards. The flour worms contain 63% moisture, 1% ash, 19% protein, 14% fat and 3% carbohydrates. Superworms are more recommendable for large lizards.

2. Limit fruit intake – the bearded dragon is omnivorous. Sometimes it is good to imitate feeding in nature, so it would be ideal to give vegetables and fruit to your bearded dragon. Some of the best fruits and vegetables for them are carrots, green turnips, strawberries, dandelion greens, blueberries and tomatoes.

However, it is advisable to limit the percentage of these dietary intakes. Fruits and vegetables should account for only 25% of the overall food mix and should not exceed 10% Whole regime of your bearded dragon.

3. Commercial diets – giving a commercial mix of diets such as Rep-Cal Maintenance Formula, Fish Dragon Bearded (6 oz) and Zoo Med Natural Bearded Dragon Food (20 oz) Recommended. These diets are good for the lizard because it contains lots of fruits and vegetables mentioned above as well as plenty of nutritional supplements and vitamins.

However, there are cases where beardie does not eat commercial dietary foods Immediately what you can do is moisten it a little or blend it with green vegetables and fruit until 39 And get used to it.

These are some details you need to remember when it comes to feeding your reptile It is also advisable to consult the veterinarian first so that you can have a Appropriate context and knowledge about your most expensive pet. If you are really an enthusiastic individual and pet lover, you must read more about Dragon Daubs Smeared . It will give you all the information you need to know about your pet.



Source by Christine Partington

Tips on White Cloud Minnow Care and Breeding

White cloud minnows (Tanichthys albonubes), like all true minnows, are members of the family Cyprinidae, more commonly referred to as the carp family. White clouds are a primarily cold water species native to China. They were first discovered in the 1930s on White Cloud Mountainin the Chinese province of Guangdong Boy Scout leader, Tan. The white cloud minnow’s genius name, Tanichthys, literally translates to Tan’s fish.

Unfortunately White Cloud Mountain’s popularity as a tourist attraction and over fishing for the burgeoning aquarium trade industry of the post World War II era soon led to the demise of native populations in the region. From 1980 through 2001 there was not a single reported sighting of this species. It was feared that the white cloud minnow had been driven into extinction. But in a day and age when man’s encroachment on native habitats threatens the very existence of many species, nature persevered, at least in the case of the white cloud minnow. While these minnows struggled for their very existence atop White Cloud Mountain, additional populations were discovered in isolated regions along the Guangdong coastal areas and in the Quang Ninh province of northeastern Vietnam. In 2007 an established population of this species was found on Hainan Island, an island just south of Guandong province. This discovery indicates that Hainan Island and the Guangdong province were land locked at some point in the distant past. White Cloud minnows are currently listed as an endangered species in their natural habitat by the Chinese Government. All white clouds available for sale in the aquarium industry are commercially raised.

Like all minnows, this is a relatively small species. White clouds only grow to a maximum length of 1.5 inches. These minnows grew to immense popularity in the 1940s and 50s. So much so that they earned the nickname “Poor Man’s Neon Tetra,” because they were much more reasonably priced than their more colorful and expensive counter parts. Even to this day, white cloud minnows are commonly marketed under the label White Cloud Tetras. They are also sold under the names Cardinal fish, Cantonand China Danio despite the fact that they bear no relation to danio breeds.

In their wild habitat, white cloud minnow are genetically identical. Interbreeding of what has become known as the Golden Cloud produced a longer finned variation dubbed the Meteor Minnow. Further genetic manipulation between the two led to the development of the Golden Meteor Minnow. A latter genetic deviation of this species resulted in a minnow devoid of much of the natural pigmentation of the parent species, the Blonde Cloud.

Regardless of genetic variation, white clouds are and extremely hardy fish. They make an excellent choice for first time aquarium owners. Their ability to prosper in a multitude of environmental conditions makes them the ideal starter fish for cycling new aquariums. These minnow are a cold water species by nature. Although they can survive in temperatures as low as 41°F, they thrive in the 64-72 °F range. This makes them the ideal candidate for unheated aquariums and common fish bowls. Despite their cold water nature, these minnow can easily endure the slightly higher water temperatures of a standard tropical aquarium community tank. A pH level anywhere between 6.0 and 8.0 is perfectly acceptable. White clouds have an average lifespan of 3-5 years in captivity.

This species works well in a community aquarium provided they are house with even tempered tank mates of similar size. It should be noted that white clouds are schooling fish. They will best adapt to their new environment if introduced in groups of no less than five. When kept as a single species specimen it is common for this minnow to become very timid in nature. The needless stress of a solitary existence will often result in a noticeable reduction of brightness in the color palette. In an aquarium setting, these minnows are top to mid-level swimmers. They rarely venture to the bottom of an aquarium.

In nature, white clouds are carnivores. Their diet consists of small insects, worms and crustaceans. In captivity this species will readily accept standard garden variety fish fare. However high protein supplements will help maintain their general health, coloration and insure longevity.

Males are typically thinner than females. In specimens where natural color pigment has not been bred out, the red coloration is more vibrant in males.

Breeding White Cloud Minnows

This species will reach sexual maturity anywhere between 6 to 12 months. Adult males will typically flare their fins and engage in a ritual courtship mating dance to attract the females’ attention. It is common for males to attempt to out perform each other in the pursuit of a female during the mating cycle. Prior to breeding males will often nip at one another but this display of aggression rarely manifests into a full out skirmish.

Spawning is best suited for a breeding tank to protect unborn eggs and newly hatched fry from possible predation. A breeding tank as small as 5 gallons will suffice. You can select a single mature pair if you wish. However since male aggression is of no serious consequence, you can place two or three males in the breeding tank with an equal or greater number of females and let nature take its course.

A pH balance of 6.5-7.5 with a temperature range between 68-75 °F is conducive to initiating the breeding cycle. You should also provide an adequate supply of java mass as a spawning medium.

Females will lay as few as a dozen or as many as couple hundred eggs during spawning. The eggs will hatch in approximately two days. White cloud minnow are not noted for eating their eggs or hatchlings. Some may be eaten but many will survive. Therefore, removing the adults from the breeding tank after spawning is purely discretionary.

Within a few days the fry will become free swimming. Newly hatched fry can be fed infusuria or luqifry. Within a week their diet can be switched over to baby brine shrimp or finely crushed fish flakes. The fry will grow to within 1/2 inch in the first three months and will reach full adult size within a year.



Source by Stephen J Broy

Feeding Your Iguana Pet

Iguana Pet Care | Does your lizard get the right diet?

Iguanas are herbivorous animals, but they eat almost anything you offer them; Meat, sweets … meals that are bad for the iguana … Its diet should include a wide variety of vegetables and fruits, such as basil, beetroot, spinach, (selected) Leaves of fig, beet, sweet potato, carrot, soaked Alfalfa, banana, pear, apple, damask, strawberries, kiwi …

The most important, in dealing with eating every other day something slightly differently. But be aware that the iguana should not eat lettuce because it contributes very little nutrition wise and can damage the metabolism.

It is possible to administer balanced foods that is specially made for iguanas. Iguana foods should be delivered washed, cut, mixed and at room temperature.

Young iguanas can eat insects such as crickets, cockroaches, all of fertile ground, since they feed on insects Those we find in homes or in The street, they may have poison residues. Also small mammals (baby rats) the size adapted according to the animal.

Water must be changed every day. The iguana animals are accustomed to drinking from a container, large enough to allow the animal to bathe there. If the animal is not accustomed to this system, it must be provided a drop system that drops water on the leaves and branches, from where it will drink

Care and Curiosities

The share of owners and insufficient or rare information provided in pet stores with regard to pet care, Iguana, increase the risk of presenting diseases related almost exclusively to mishandling in these animals.

Green iguana is not a pet and they need special care. This animal should be observed with great attention, because the minimal sign or change in its coloring or behavior may be indicative of an illness or stress. They can emphasize very easily.

If they are not treated properly, they can cause deep scrapes, lashing very strongly with their tails or even biting. Iguana animals can live between 7 and 20 years. This species is threatened by the destruction of its habitat and by furtive hunting (overexploitation).

For its great fertility and sociability, it is a species that can be sustained in captivity; This can help a little to its conservation. Reproduction is sexual. The pairing is between January and February. For its birth, they are oviparous. The average incubation period is 84 days at a temperature of 87 ºF. The number of babies depends on the climate and varies between 13 and 30.



Source by Larry Caboa

Blatta Lateralis and How to Care for Them

When starting a colony of Blatta lateralis there are many important things you need to know, especially if you have never started a colony before . These cockroaches are actually taking the food market by storm because of the ease of taking care of them. First of all, let's talk about what Blatta lateralis look like. Blatta lateralis are also known as Red Red, or Turks and Turks. These cockroaches are small as crickets, but they do not require perfect temperature or moisture like crickets do. They do not smell or die quickly as crickets tend to. The male laterals are light colored with wings, and the females are dark without wings. Lateralis are fast movers so be prepared to chase them out.

The housing of your Blatta lateralis is very easy. It is very fast because they lay eggs rather than live births, which allows your colony to grow quickly. Any container such as a glass tank or plastic container works well with lateralis since they are non-climbers. Make sure you have lots of egg cartons in your container so that cockroaches are able to reproduce. Also, you need to keep the moisture above 40%. You can get your moisture higher from my fog occasionally your container with water. A heat mat can be placed at the bottom of your container so you can place a heat lamp on top of the container to maintain a high temperature. The temperature of the container should be between 80 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. You can also use a preheated reptile room, a night light bulb with a reflector, heating tape, a human heating pad or a heat cable to keep your container at the right temperature. Make sure that you always keep the mold out of the container of your colony. Mold can destroy your entire colony.

Feeding your Blatta lateralis is also very easy. Lateralis will almost eat everything, but you have to keep in mind whatever you feed your cockroaches, you will also be feeding your pet. Providing your cockroaches with a high-protein diet will allow them to better feed your pets later. Dry cat food, whole grain cereal, baby cereal, fish flakes or diet for coachmen. You can use dry dog ​​food, but it does not have as much protein as dry cat food. You can put their food in a small dish or in the corners of your tank. Curiously lateralis often take their food from the dish and move it to their hiding places to eat. Water is also very important for the health of your cockroaches. Water crystals are wonderful to use because they are not messy like liquid water.

Blatta lateralis are wonderful feeding cockroaches specially for smaller domestic animals such as tarantulas, geckos and bearded baby dragons. No matter which pet you would normally feed a cricket to you can feed lateralis to. Lateralis also have soft shells so it makes it easier for your pet to digest and allows them to have a higher ratio of meat to shell. It is best to allow your colony to grow before you start eating it. Your colony should have at least 1 male every 3 females, allowing you to feed your additional male cockroaches. Following these tips and growing a healthy colony of Blatta lateralis will assure you that you can keep your pet healthy without spending a lot of money.



Source by Sarah D Zelkan

Baby Snapping Turtles – What You Should Know Before Getting One

Thinking about getting a brittle tortoise baby? You may have seen one at a local pet store. It is also common for people to choose some of these turtles from their backyards or surrounding areas. You may think it would be nice to keep cute babies as pets. You should know however that there is a lot to keep a brittle tortoise as a pet. You should consider keeping them only if you are able to do so.

The most common mistake of potential pet owners is that they think snappers remain cute. They are later surprised to learn that brittle turtles can become very large. On average, these turtles can grow up to 8-16 inches. There are however that have reached more or less 20 inches. Their average weight is 30 lbs. But some can achieve to double the average weight. These turtles develop rapidly. From just 2 inches as babies, they can reach their full minimum average length in two years.

This is when turtles are at their maximum growth as they become difficult to take care of. Pet owners become even more alarmed when they discover that these turtles can live for a very long time. From birth, turtles can live for more than four decades. Owners of unprepared animals ultimately realize that they got more than they negotiated. They can therefore abandon their pets, leave them in zoos or put them into adoption.

The maximum growth ability of a brittle tortoise baby is not your only concern. You also need to think about where it will live. At first, your baby turtle can be comfortable with only a ten-gallon tank. You then need to add ten gallons for each inch your turtle grows. You may have to prepare a hundred-gallon tank.

Snapping turtles also can not be trained at home like dogs and cats. Although they are enclosed in an aquarium or pond, they can quickly make their environment dirty. Aside from the large volumes of waste they excrete, they also tend to shake their habitat funds. They can also confuse the decorations and items that you have set up in the aquarium.

Breaking turtles are usually moderate when they are in their natural aquatic environment.

When the occasion calls it however, they can bite people and eat other animals. They could also whistle and take an aggressive stance. A biting turtle animal is capable of doing the same thing. It could bite you or other animals around it, including other brittle turtles. This means that you may need to take extra effort to provide a completely separate house for your biting turtle.

These are just some of the basic considerations when you are taking care of a brittle tortoise. It is already obvious however, based on these only points that it is not a joke to decide to take in a baby breaking the turtle. Think about your decision on a couple of times. You definitely want to provide a clean and happy home for your turtle.



Source by Mark Vidrow

Belly Button Ring Basics – How to Care for a New Navel Piercing

You took the plunge, bit your lip, and got stiffened for pain. A few moments later, you had a brilliant new piece of jewelry making sparkling from your navel. You've drilled your belly button and now you're ready to go on with your life and show it to the club or poolside. Unfortunately, there is a problem. It 's red, it hurts, and it' s a little bloated. This is not quite ready for its debut, but do not worry, it is only a few days. In order to get the most out of your new piercing, it is important to take care of it.

New Piercing of the navel Care:

  • Keep it clean:

    It is important to keep all piercings clean and there is no exception when it comes to belly buttons. Your navel, although often covered with clothing, can still collect bacteria. Clean your navel piercing twice a day to keep it free from bacteria. Make sure you use an antibacterial soap to rid the area of ​​any harmful germs that can cause an infection.

    While cleaning twice a day is a good rule, you may find that your lifestyle requires a little more cleaning. If you are taking part in one of the following activities or activities, make sure to clean your piercing when you are done:

    • Spending time in a hot bath or a pool
    • Participating in sexual activities
    • Participate in labor-intensive activities. Handsome
    • Working in a kitchen

    • Use of a Sea Salt Tremor:

      The healing process of a belly button ring can be extremely long At 12 months) but you can help speed up the healing process by soaking the area in a mixture of sea salts and distilled water. You can purchase pre-made dips that are offered in many piercing shops or you can make your own in a pinch of sea salt and distilled water. Use this soak 3 to 4 times a day for about 5 to 10 minutes. Keep this until the piercing is healed.

    • (Note: Professional piercers suggest using a mixture of sea salt and water that is close to that of your body. (19459006)

    • [19459006
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      Try not to touch:

      This is new and exciting and there is something in you that attracts you to The more you touch your piercing the more irritated you are and the more likely you are to transfer harmful bacteria from your hands to your sensitive navel.If you have to pierce your navel piercing.Unfortunately, this is a urge that should go unsatisfied. The touch, make sure to wash your hands well with antibacterial soap.

    • Ask an expert:

      A little pain, discomfort, blood And discharge is common with new piercings however if you encounter one or all of these excess things do not hesitate to call or visit your piercer immediately. If you think something is wrong, it is best to be sure that sorry.

      Never use rubbing alcohol or hydrogen peroxide: When you look down and see a piercing Red or irritated You may be tempted to run to the medicine cabinet for a solution. While rubbing alcohol and hydrogen peroxide can work in other situations, when they are used on new piercing, they can actually cause more harm than good. Both substances are hard and can severely dry your skin, prolong healing time, or increase your risk of scaring.

    • Never use medicinal ointments to accelerate healing: An ointment like Neosporin is great for a cut or scratch, but when it comes to piercings it Can be counterproductive. Your piercing needs oxygen to heal and these ointments create a protective barrier between your skin and the air. Without oxygen your healing will be slowed down.
    • Avoid tight clothes around New Piercing: A new piercing is sensitive and a new belly button piercing is in one lies in a very bad place when it's # He acts of healing. Even if you like your tight fitting jeans and skirts, try giving your belly room to breathe. Clothes that are tight will cause friction. A lot of friction can cause a world of problems the less being increased healing time and the worst being the infection and / or rejection of the piercing.
    • Never ignore a problem: Think there is a problem, address it immediately. Waiting will only have negative consequences, including, full blown infection, scarring, and rejection or removal of the piercing.


    • Source by Jennifer Wasilewski