There are different indicators of the overall health status of a country, a region and a community. Health indicators are used to know the health status of a country, a region and a community. Some indicators are widely accepted, while others are not as widely accepted by health authorities. Infant mortality rate (IMR) is an indicator of the state of health of the country, region and community and is widely accepted as a good indicator of health status by governments And international health organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO).
What is the infant mortality rate (IMR)?
Infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths (less than one year) less than one year per 1,000 births. For example, in a town / city, 2,510 babies were born in 2010. Out of 2,510 babies born, 10 were born dead. In 2010, in the town / city mentioned above, 20 babies died below the age of one year. To calculate the number of live births, we have to calculate the number of live births: 2510 (total births) minus 10 (death born) = 2500. The number of live births in one year (in this example 2010) is divided by Number of babies who died from one cause to the other by congenital malformations, less than one year old, which is 20 in this example.
For the calculation of IMR, the number of infant deaths (for any cause) less than one year is divided by the total number of live births per year, multiplied by 1000 and in this case it is 20 / 2,500×1,000 = 8
Why is the infant mortality rate considered an important indicator of health?
It is most widely accepted as one of the most sensitive indicators of a country / region's health status for several reasons. The IMR always reflects the overall health scenario of a region / country. The rate is low in developed countries and high to very high in underdeveloped developing countries. If the health infrastructure (preventive and curative infrastructure) of a region of a country is very good, the IMR is always good.
What factors can modify IMR?
There are several factors that can influence IMR in the short term or long term. Short-term factors influencing RMF include disasters such as floods, earthquakes, war (which may have a long-term effect depending on the duration of the war), civil unrest ( Civil war), and so on.
IMR may be different in different regions of the same country, for example In the United States it is the lowest in Minnesota at 4.78 and the highest in the District of Columbia at 14.1.
Some countries with the best IMR in the world:
Some countries with the worst IMR in the world: