In today 's day and age, it is rare that a woman wishes to live a natural childbirth. Instead, it is automatically assumed that there will be an epidural waiting at the hospital, where she can give birth without any pain at all. However, it is rarely the case.
Women choose to take birth with medical intervention because they think that they can not or do not want to deal with the pain associated with childbirth. Even women who have a strong tolerance to pain may not consider natural childbirth because the drugs used in the modern world today are so common.
Types of drugs:
• Epidural: anti pain medication used During labor, an epidural is administered by a needle in the area around the spine and usually numbs a mother's Belly to his knees. The antiseptic is used to minimize the risk of infection, and a small area in the lower back is injected with a local anesthetic to numb the place; A needle is then inserted into the area surrounding the spinal cord in the lower back. A catheter or a small tube is threaded through the needle into the epidural space and then the needle is removed and the drug is administered through the catheter by periodic injections or continuous dosing.
The goal of an epidural is to provide relief pain rather than cause total lack of feeling; This works by blocking the nerve impulses of the lower segments of the spine to diminish the sensation in the lower half of the body. The epidural is administered by an anesthesiologist, obstetrician or nurse anesthetist while lying on the side or sitting with an arched back, vital positions to prevent problems and increase epidural effectiveness.
• IV narcotics / Systemic drugs: intravenous narcotics, also known as systemic analgesics, allow the mother to be more mobile during labor than an epidural, but they present an increased risk For the baby and the mother because of the possible side effects. They can be administered in the form of a tranquillizer or combined with a narcotic and are delivered by a IV line to the bloodstream or injected into a muscle. They affect the entire body rather than just the pelvic area and the uterus and can make the mother asleep but not oblivious.
• Spinal Injury: Similar to an epidural, a spine is administered directly into the spinal fluid in a single injection, allowing rapid relief that lasts only a few hours.
• Combined Epidural / Epidural: Often referred to as epidural on foot, it is a more recent technique that offers rapid and continuous pain relief.
Advantages and risks
When medicines are used during childbirth, the result varies wildly among the different mothers. While some women swear that their pain has been totally mitigated by the use of epidural anesthesia, others are struggling to take the medication and are still able to feel both pain and pain. The pressure as there was no medication.
Statistics show that a woman who receives medication during childbirth has a longer job with more complications than a mother who chooses to be born naturally. However, there are benefits to the use of pain medications during labor.
For example, a mother who has a very long workforce can use pain medications to rest before pushing. Pain medications can also help a mother relax her body if she lies down during the contractions so that her body does not fight against work, and it is also useful in situations where a mother has a lot of pain. Anxiety or fear of birth or problems The past that can affect how the work progresses.
Among the disadvantages of epidural anesthesia, it is possible that blood pressure drops sharply, causing routine checks to ensure that the baby receives the right amount of blood flow. It may be necessary to treat with oxygen and IV fluids because of the sudden drop in blood pressure. Epidurics are also known to cause headaches due to spinal fluid leakage, with chills, whistling in the ears, nausea, difficulty using the bathroom, back pain And pain instead of insertion of the needle.
Because an epidural makes it harder the difficulty to feel strong contractions, more medical interventions like Pitocine, episiotomy, forceps, aspiration and caesarean section may become necessary. Other disadvantages are permanent damage to the nerves, inability to feel your legs after birth and problems with the baby's ability to hang during breastfeeding, respiratory depression and an increase in Fetal heart rate.